New diabetic patients may need to visit a center with specialists in diabetes and endocrinology. A common concern with newly diagnosed diabetics is that they may have early stages of a condition that may affect their kidney, blood vessels, and brain. This is because diabetes can cause the constriction of blood vessels and depletion of organs.
A serious consequence of the constriction of blood vessels is the loss of limbs. Although that eventuality is not very uncommon, it can raise the risks, if it’s not detected in time. The following are tests diabetic patients may undergo while seeking care through a center for diabetes and endocrinology.
Common Tests for Diabetic Patients
Laboratory Test for Hemoglobin A1C: It is one of the most critical tests for diabetes management. The A1C test is used by the endocrinologist to determine the state of blood levels for the past three months. It can detect type 2 and pre-diabetes by evaluating the amount of glucose attached to your hemoglobin. It is done periodically to inform lifestyle changes you should make, and whether you require immediate care.
Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Test: The thickening and clogging of blood vessels in the legs, is common in type 2 diabetic patients. The condition can cause pain in the legs while walking and may lengthen the time it takes for wounds to heal. The Ankle Brachial Index test uses a probe to pick up sound waves around your arms and feet. If there is a pressure difference between the two areas it may mean that there is a problem. lifestyle changes, medications or surgery might be suggested as treatment.
Urine Microalbumin Test: This test monitors protein levels in the urine sample. It indicates damage to certain parts of the body, such as the kidney. If there are any damages to the organ, small amounts of protein will leak through. The test is particularly critical if you are at risk of kidney disease. You will often be required by your center for diabetes to take the test every year.
Eye Exam: An ophthalmologist can use retinal photography to check for damage on that part of the eye. Issues such as damage to the retina and diabetic retinopathy are risk factors if you have diabetes. Your eye doctor can prevent vision loss and blindness through early detection. It is recommended that you see an ophthalmologist at least once a year if you have diabetes.
Talk to your primary care provider if you think you need further evaluation at a specialist center for diabetes and endocrinology. Early detection can find conditions and minimize risk of further issues. For more information about Nanticoke’s Center for Diabetes and Endocrinology, visit www.nanticoke.org/diabetes.